Business optimism among the UK’s small and medium-sized manufacturing firms deteriorated in the three months to October 2019, at the fastest pace since July 2016. That’s according to the latest quarterly SME Trends Survey by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI).
The survey of 240 SME manufacturers also found that views of the sector’s export prospects for the year ahead remained gloomy.
Falling sentiment came against the backdrop of continued malaise in activity. Total new orders fell slightly in the three months to October (-6%), at a similar pace to July (-4%). The decline in new orders was driven by ongoing falls in both domestic orders (-12%) and export orders (-6%). Furthermore, output remained flat in the three months to October (0%), and is expected to fall next quarter (-9%).
The most prominent factors cited as likely to limit export orders in the near term were political/economic conditions abroad (64%) and quota/import licence restrictions (26%), both hitting survey record highs (since October 1988).
Meanwhile, headcount declined (-5%) for the first time since January 2013, and is expected to fall at a similar pace in the next quarter.
With sentiment falling and uncertainty high, investment intentions remained poor across the board. In particular, plans for spending on plant and machinery (-20%) and on training and retraining (-25%) were at their weakest since the financial crisis.
Firms are caught in a “perfect storm”
CBI Lead Economist Alpesh Paleja commented: “Activity among SME manufacturers remains listless. Firms are caught between the perfect storm of perennial Brexit uncertainty at home and sluggish growth in the global economy. As well as hitting output, orders and hiring, these issues are depressing investment plans across the board.
“As a first step to lifting the malaise, the next government must get behind business to deliver on a Brexit deal, particularly one that unlocks a smooth transition period. Then the real heavy lifting can begin on forging a future relationship with our biggest trading partner. Ending political uncertainty will enable a renewed focus on domestic priorities, which is critical for the economy’s longer-term growth.”
You can see more details of the survey results here.
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